Béla Baranyi (2013)
University of Debrecen Centre for Agricultural and Applied Economic Sciences
In the theoretical and methodological framework of integrated regional development, significant definitions are as it follows:
Regional development 1: socio-economic spatial types coming from the operation of the society; sectoral – spatial structures formed by inside structural changes; excavation of financial and intellectual capacities serving development of new resources and possibilities;
Regional development 2: Acknowledged interventions from the national and the local governments, as well as other regional development bodies, targeting regional development, mostly by legal regulations, such as regional development act, cities’ act), this covers the mix of the institution system, circumstances of labor division, suitable means and rules for using them (Figure 1.2.–1.3.).
Regional policy: long-term regional objectives, preferences, necessary interventions, institutional frames, determination of the direction and methods for using means.
Settlement development (local, settlement, city policies, town development): involves local development policy, locally created and financed operations; international (European) practice: town planning, regional planning, spatial and settlement planning edged along vertical structure and settlement network development (city network, circumstances for villages).
Figure 1.2.: Sub-structure of regional development Source: Faragó, 2000
Spatial planning: existing rules and means for developing physical structure, involving plans and laws for required conditions in order to carry the great majority’s point and the to limit other, interfere points.
Figure 1.3.: Regional development in the framework of concepts Source: Faragó, 1987
Rural development, rural policy: this is a part of the regional development, a building element and its aim is to develop rural (mainly non-urban) regions, to save their economic basis, ecological features and social – cultural values, as well as to represent the interests in their harmonized modernization (Figure 1.4). Rural development has a close relationship with agriculture; however, agriculture does not play a unique and major role in development. One of the objectives is to achieve sustainable and harmonized rural development (for example LEADER-program).
Figure 1.4.: The relations of rural areas, rural development and related definitions Source: Csatári, 2007
As a short conclusion of chapter 1, it is important to repeat that developing topics determined by the fundamentals of integrated regional development are the economics, the politics, the culture and ecology. The balanced and harmonized mix of these four basic priorities can guarantee the citizen-friend regional and settlement operation, the blooming scientific, cultural and sport life with a suitable economic level and ecological awareness.